Lev Isaakovich Shestov (Russian: Лев Исаакович Шестов), born Yehuda Leyb Schwarzmann (Russian: Иегуда Лейб Шварцман), variously known as Leon. Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, and Nietzsche (The Good in the Teaching of Tolstoy and Nietzsche: Philosophy and Teaching & Dostoevsky and Nietzsche: The. An introduction to the Russian-Jewish existentialist philosopher Lev Shestov, Leon Chestov.
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Lev Shestov (Author of All Things are Possible)
More recently, alongside Dostoevsky’s philosophy, many have found solace in Shestovs battle against the rational self-consistent and self-evident; for example Bernard Martin of Columbia University, who translated his works now found online; and the scholar, who wrote “The Annihilation of Inertia: Shestov’s Greek quotes were abridged and latinized in English translations.
Koteliansky and published with a preface by D. European man, according to Shestov,  has languished for centuries in a hypnotic sleep induced by the conviction that the entire universe is ruled by eternal, self-evident truths such as the principles of identity and non-contradiction discoverable by reason, and by an everlastingly unalterable and indifferent power which determines all events and facts.
This explains his lack of a systematic philosophical framework. Like Kierkegaard, he recognized that faith can no more be destroyed by logical impossibility than it can be created by logical possibility.
But if one feels that “God is not, man must himself become God, create all things out of nothing; all things; matter together with forms, and even the eternal laws” – what guarantee is there that this will not end in pagan titanism? He returned to Moscow inand in this year his son Sergei died in combat against the Germans.
It contains not only a vigorous attack on the speculative metaphysics of the neo-Kantian and Hegelian idealist variety that dominated European academic philosophy at the time but also a radical challenge to the pretensions of scientific positivism and its basic assumptions, namely, the principle of unalterable regularity in the sequence of natural phenomena and the idea of causal necessity that is supposed to govern them.
Shestov was in sympathy with us, though he did not himself participate in the discussions. And what a sigh of relief men will breathe when they suddenly discover that the living God, the true God, in no way resembles Him whom reason has shown them until now!
It is rather long but gives a good idea of what to expect.
The heavens glorify the Lord. We must seek God. As I have learned from my own work with ancient languages, the amount of interpretation that goes into the so-called “standard” translations entirely justifies Shestov’s practice.
In the midst of new literary, philosophic and religious movements, Shestov remained his old self, with the same paradoxical philosophy, and invariably loved by all In his own lifetime his was “a voice crying in the wilderness,” but it is time that this voice be heard again. Low to High Price: There is an old backup site at http: However, Shestov maintained that Kierkegaard did not pursue this line of thought far enough, and proceeded to continue where he thought the Dane left off.
For the man of faith, too, “all things are possible,” and this, according to him,  is the operational definition of God. Temporarily out of stock. You know as well as I do that none of these came to be. Shestov was always more of an essayist than a book writer. The notes he kept of his meetings with the philosopher and his correspondence with him provide valuable insights into Shestov’s intellectual interests and motivations.
But, granted that man’s awareness of moral distinctions imposes heavy burdens ldv him and restricts his freedom, is a return to the condition of Adam before the fall possible? In In Job’s Balances Shestov insists that, though it has given us many gifts, science cannot give us ultimate truth for – in refusing to recognize the unique, the unrepeatable, the fortuitous – it has turned away from the realm in which real truth lies. In some of his most famous words he explains:. The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: In Amsterdam Shestov met Edmund Husserl, with whom he maintained a close friendship for some years.
This accounts for the view that Shetov’s philosophy is a form of irrationalismthough it is important to note that the thinker does not oppose reason, or science in general, but only shestog and scientism: On the Sources of the Eternal Truths May 01, If God loves men, what need has He to subordinate men to His divine will and to deprive them of their own will, the most precious of the things He has bestowed upon them?
The Fundamental Idea of the Philosophy of Lev Shestov
Lev Isaakovich Shestov Russian: But that’s precisely the starting point of his philosophy – he sets out on a war against what he knows only too well. History of “Lev Shestov” Note: During this final period, he continued his studies, concentrating in particular on Indian philosophy as well as the works of his contemporary Edmund Husserlwho had died recently.
However much we may have attained in science, yet we must remember oev science can give us shewtov truth because, by its very nature, it will not and cannot seek for the truth.
Shestov’s dislike of the Soviet regime led shesrov to undertake a long journey out of Russia, and he eventually ended up in France.
Such faith, he held, as we have seen, lies beyond proofs and is in no way affected by logical argument.
In Shestov returned to Russia for a brief stay in St. Shestov contributed articles to a journal the circle had established.
Children and Stepchildren of Time Spinoza in History, This struggle is most fully reflected in his last and greatest book, the monumental Athens and Jerusalemon which he worked for many years and completed just a year before his death.
First published in in a French translation, this is an account of Shestov’s encounter with Kierkegaard who proved both a challenger and a brother in arms.
Against all metaphysical and rationalist theologies, Shestov declares, “We would speak, as did Pascal, of the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, the God of Jacob, and not of the God of the philosophers.
It is the experience that everything is possible Dostoevskythat the opposite of Necessity is not chance or accident, but possibility, that there does pev a God-given freedom without boundaries, without walls or borders.
He went lfv his wife and children to Moscow, where they lived through the stormy years of the war. Furthermore, given his predilection for irony and overstatement and his proclaimed intent forcibly to awaken his readers, to drive them through shock out of comfortable ruts into new and unfamiliar paths, it may be doubted that he meant categorically to reject objective knowledge, i.
None of the ironic facts or ridiculous contradictions that depreciate reason escapes him. Vox Clamantis in Desertopublished in shestoc, a fundamental work of Christian existentialism. Shestov was merely beginning his struggle against the ideas dominating European thought which he felt had to be overcome in order to provide room for what was later to be the chief burden of his positive message – the reality of the living God of the Bible and the possibility of the restoration of human freedom through religious leev.