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Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Journal of South Asian Studies, Submit your article to this journal Article views: Journal of South Asian Studies, Vol.
The varied influences Downloaded by [Macquarie University] at The phenomenal growth of regional-language vijatan in the post-Emergency years after has led to a substantial reconstitution of public space.
Viswanathan and librarian K. Rajendrababu of The Hindu, Chennai, India, and news editor Manoj Kumar of Dinakaran, Chennai, India, for help in data collection for this paper, and the anonymous referees of South Asia for their initial feedback on the paper. Kachuru, Yamuna Kachuru and S. Vikagan edsLanguage in South Asia Cambridge: Vikkatan University Press,pp. Television, more particularly julyy profusion of private television news channels since the s, has reconstituted the public sphere and reshaped local and national politics in many ways.
See, for instance, Nalin Mehta, Television in India: Star News and Star Ananda London: The current paper relates particularly to regional press content. Journal of South Asian Studies and Ursula Rao attribute the new forms of political culture to regional media, particularly the Hindi-language media.
The Sri Lankan ethnic issue provides one of the few recent instances where regional Tamil media coverage has created a 4 Arvind Rajagopal, Politics after Television: Oxford University Press,p.
See, for instance, Rao, News as Culture, pp. Lawrence and Wishart, For a history of the Indian media, see J. Polity Press,pp.
A Study of the Mahabharat New Delhi: For vikatsn evolution of television post-liberalisation, see Nalin Mehta, Television in India: For the trajectory of print media in India, see N. Penguin Books India,pp.
Herman and Noam Chomsky, Manufacturing Consent: The regional media in Tamil Nadu have historically been heavily politicised, serving as a vehicle for Tamil nationalism.
Since aroundthe Sri Lankan Tamils had developed a sophisticated media network to carry information instantaneously from the north and east of the island to the rest of the world, and on which the Tamil press continued to rely. Routledge,pp. Sage Publications,pp. Zhongdang Pan and Gerald M.
The Tamil-speaking population in Sri Lanka comprises different groups—the Northern Tamils who trace their origin back to the Jaffna kingdom of the thirteenth to seventeenth centuries; the Eastern Tamils who trace their ancestry to Vannimai chieftains; and the Indian Tamils brought to the island from India by the British in the nineteenth century to work on the tea plantations.
In complete contrast to this perception are academic accounts which emphasise the differences between the culture and politics of the Tamil populations in India and Sri Lanka. Sankaran Krishna, for instance, details the differences in Tamil nationalisms in India and Sri Lanka, arguing that emotional and cultural linkages between Sri Lankan Tamils and Indian Tamils are grossly exaggerated. Akbar, India, The Siege Within: Penguin,pp. In the s, the national and Tamil Nadu governments were sympathetically disposed towards the plight of the displaced Sri Lankan Tamils and this was reflected in the media, both national and regional.
The media, both regional and national, desisted from voicing any support for the cause and particularly for the LTTE. But the situation in the regional media changed with the declaration of the unilateral ceasefire by the LTTE in and the subsequent relaxation of restrictions on travel to the north and east of Sri Lanka.
Enhanced exchanges between Tamil Nadu and north and east Sri Lanka were reflected in the media coverage in Tamil, with stress being laid on the cultural and linguistic ties between the two peoples. Regents of the University of Minnesota,pp.
Retrospect and Prospect New Delhi: Oxford University Press, When the Regional Counters the National in While editorials in the English newspapers warned against fanning the flames of Tamil chauvinism, the majority of the Tamil press devoted space to Tamil nationalists who urged the Indian government to intervene to stop the Sri Lankan government action against the LTTE.
Underlying elements of Tamil nationalism came to the fore of Indian political discourse on 12 Augustwhen the president of India, Pratibha Patil, rejected the year-old clemency petition of three men—Murugan, Santhan and Perarivalan—who had been given death sentences for criminal conspiracy in the assassination of former Indian prime minister Rajiv Gandhi in The English media focused on politicians at the national level, while the Tamil media gave space to regional and local politicians.
Graber, Processing the News: In two editorials, it pointed out that while the crime for which the three were accused was indeed dastardly, the death sentences should be converted to life sentences. But in Tamil Nadu, the whole issue took a new trajectory, with political leaders vying with one another to save [the lives of the accused].
Even Chief Minister Jayalalithaa, who was not overtly influenced by the chest-beating, finally agreed to the Assembly passing a resolution asking the President to reconsider their case, an indication of the popular sentiment that forced the political dispensation to act. Reese, Mediating the Message New York: See The Hindu Internet source [http: On 29 AugustChief Minister J. Jayalalithaa made a suo motu statement in the state assembly that she did not have the power to overturn the presidential rejection of the plea for clemency.
But Congress leaders later expressed displeasure over the clamour for clemency, organising a protest in September He not only juyl that the state government intervene in the issue, but also organised protests and warned that hanging the three would lead to the secession of Tamil Nadu from India. These are termed suo motu statements.
On the morning of 28 Aprilhe announced a fast vikatah death, demanding an immediate ceasefire in Sri Lanka. But he called it off after only four hours and before lunch when Colombo announced a cessation of hostilities. Journal of South Asian Studies fringes of politics.
Junior Vikatan – ஜூனியர் விகடன் – Issue date – 15 July
The evolution of coalition governments at the centre has allowed dominant regional political parties to play a role at the national level, which has led them to downplay regional identities and interests. Dinamani, published in Tamil by the Express Group of Publications, Madurai, whose flagship is The New Indian Express, pointed to the undue delay in the response to the petition for clemency by subsequent presidents of India, adding that those who abet crimes cannot be treated on a par with those who commit them.
Junior Vikatan, the political bi-weekly from the Vikatan magazine group that had consistently defended the policies and actions of LTTE leader Prabhakaran during the civil war, constructed a discourse that projected Sri Lankan Tamils, including the LTTE and the accused in the Rajiv Gandhi assassination, as people forced into violence due to ruthless systematic oppression by the Sri Lankan Downloaded by [Macquarie University] at The article ended with the following lines freely translated: The article stressed that Perarivalan, the only Indian among the three, was barely 19 years old when arrested, and that his widowed mother and sister have been engaged in protracted legal action to prove his innocence.
The Junior Vikatan issue juyl carried an interview with Congress jumior Tiruchi Velusamy, whose affidavit led to the constitution of the Multi-Disciplinary Monitoring Agency MDMA to probe the conspiracy angle, raising doubts about the manner in which the probe was conducted and implying that the real culprits were let off for reasons of political expediency.
Reporting the immolation, the Junior Vikatan issue of 4 September took the opportunity to carry pictures of the three accused on the cover. Yuchtman-Yaar edsEvaluating the Welfare State: Academic Press,pp. When the Regional Counters the National people who were willing to vioatan their all for the larger Tamil community. Another item highlighted the mood of the three convicts in the high-security Vellore prison when the news of the rejection of the clemency petition was conveyed to them by their lawyers and even painted their jailors as being downcast because they had become fond of the men.
Thangkabalu and Bharatiya Janata Party BJP state president Kunior Radhakrishnan, who warned that democracy would be compromised if 201 death sentences were not carried out. The story, presented as an Downloaded by [Macquarie University] at The news of the passing of the resolution in The New Indian Express of 23 March began as follows: Overwhelming pressure and coalition compulsions made India vote in favour of a United Nations Human Rights Council resolution on Thursday, which, however, had been watered down on Indian insistence, and falls short of calling for an international probe on war crimes.
Willis edsCulture, Media, Language: Working Papers in Cultural Studies 79 London: Journal of South Asian Studies The lead article charged that the decision to vote in support of the resolution was only made to assuage the political parties in Tamil Nadu, which had been calling for unconditional support for the resolution. Among the English newspapers, The Hindu covered the issue more exhaustively than the others, with its own correspondent reporting from Colombo, while the other newspapers depended on agency reports.
Narayanasamy, who had reported widely on the Sri Lankan issue and authored a book on Prabhakaran, pointed out that the UN resolution was not going to make much difference vikaan the situation. Schaffer, calling for the US to do more than only move a resolution. When the Regional Counters the National favour of the resolution condemning the Sri Lankan government for human rights abuses against the Tamils.
Through their use, the regional media iuly over a period of time established the Downloaded by [Macquarie University] at The reportage juky the UN resolution continued to draw from this already-established core of public discourse. See jily Tuchman, Making News. Braungart edsResearch in Political Sociology, Vol. JAI Press,pp. Viikatan the next paragraph, it stated that inwhen the Sri Lankan Army and the LTTE were at war, the Sri Lankan Army had bombed Tamil areas and hospitals, killing thousands of helpless civilians, and that the army had ordered those who surrendered to undress and then executed them, not even sparing innocent children.
Significantly, the report neglected to mention the Sri Lankan response to these oft-repeated charges, thus sacrificing fact for persuasion.
While the rest of the story was a report on events at the UN, the structure of the article, with the lead paragraph invoking images of the Sri Lankan government as oppressor, jhnior apparent the processes of frame-building and frame-setting.
In its issue dated 8 AprilJunior Vikatan published interviews with two human rights activists who described the situation in Sri Lanka, accompanied jujior horrific jynior of war. The opening lines of the article were: The article paid homage to the thousands of Tamils who had died. Here, the Tamil media discourse blamed Sri Lankan government policies as the catalyst for the Tamil uprising, and passed moral judgement on the actions of both the Sri Lankan and Indian governments.
These can have far-reaching consequences71 when viewed in the context of coalition governments at the centre that comprise or depend upon the support of regional political parties. Jnior DMK was originally part of a coalition of thirteen political parties that formed a United Front government under H.