Hyperinfection syndrome should be considered a potential medical emergency. Thus, treatment should be started immediately if this is being considered. Strongyloides stercoralis Hyperinfection remain quiescent indefinitely, immunosuppression can lead to the hyperinfection syndrome, which is. Whereas in chronic strongyloidiasis and in hyperinfection syndrome the larvae are limited to the GI tract and the lungs, in disseminated.

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DuPont, Eduardo Gotuzzo; Strongyloides hyperinfection syndrome: A variety of risk factors and predisposing conditions have been described, including new immunosuppressive therapies; Hyperinfcetion infection; cadaveric transplantation; immune reconstitution syndrome; haematological malignancies especially lymphoma ; tuberculosis; malnutrition secondary to chronic Strongyloides diarrhoea; international travel and immigration.

Inhibition of Th2 cell-mediated, humoral or mucosal immunity is associated with HS. Corticosteroid use remains the most frequent risk factor for HS. Once diagnosed, the disease may be managed effectively with anthelminthic drugs, including ivermectin.

HS causes diverse symptoms and signs, with unusual manifestations leading to misdiagnosis and medical hyperinfectiion related to healthcare providers’ lack of familiarity with the condition.

HS is an example of an emerging tropical infection migrating to developed countries and requiring greater clinician awareness.

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Intestinal strongyloidiasis and hyperinfection syndrome

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Case Reports in Transplantation

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CDC – Strongyloides – Resources for Health Professionals

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This article is also available for rental through DeepDyve. Email alerts New issue alert. Receive exclusive offers and syndrom from Oxford Academic. More on this topic Strongyloidiasis: A mistaken diagnosis and a fatal outcome in a patient with diarrhoea. A British Second World War veteran with disseminated strongyloidiasis.

Intestinal strongyloidiasis and hyperinfection syndrome

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