Offences Against Property (Enforcement of ‘Hudood’) Ordinance, (2) It extends to the whole of Pakistan. (3) It shall come into force on the. Pakistan’s notorious Hudood Ordinances were promulgated in by the military regime of General Ziaul Haq. The most controversial of. Hudood Ordinances refer to the legislation of penal laws in Pakistan entitled “ Enforcement of Hudood Ordinances VI, VII, VIII and IX” on 10 February

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The most controversial of these are the two laws pertaining to sexual offences, i. These laws created six distinct categories of sexual offences and assigned punishments for each:.

Pakistan: Proposed Reforms to Hudood Laws Fall Short

The introduction of these laws resulted in the offences of rape and adultery in the Pakistan Penal Code PPC to be repealed as they were substituted by these offences. The primary distinction between the hadd and tazir offenses is that the hadd offences require a higher standard of proof than is needed in tazir as the Islamic punishments are more severe.

For example, under the Zina Ordinance, zina was liable to a hadd penalty if the accused confessed before the trial court or if there were four adult Muslim male witnesses who met an Islamic test of probity, i. The hadd punishment given to such an adulterer was stoning to death while the penalty for a fornicator was public whipping of lashes.

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However, if the evidence requirement for zina liable to hadd is not met but the crime is proven beyond a alws doubt then the tazir punishment of imprisonment for up to ten years can be given. Rape, now referred to as zina-bil-jabr, was similarly made liable to either the hadd or the tazir penalty depending on the type of proof available.

Hudood Ordinances

Furthermore, in addition to other problems created by these laws, their judicial application also made it easier to get away with crimes against women such as honour killings and general degradation and humiliation of women in society.

It is to be noted that the offence of fornication as included in the PPC is defined almost identically as the tazir offence of zina and is punishable by imprisonment for up to five years and a fine.

Both offences of zina liable to hadd and fornication offences have been made cognisable only by a court, meaning that when a complaint is made of either offence, the police may not arrest hudopd accused unless directed to do so by the court. This is to discourage one step of humiliation of women.

Pakistan: Proposed Reforms to Hudood Laws Fall Short | Human Rights Watch

Though this legislation does not redress all the problems introduced by the Hudood Ordinances, substantial changes have been made, which is a step in the right direction. Dear reader, online ads enable us to deliver the journalism you value.

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Please support us by taking a moment to turn off Adblock on Dawn. These laws created six distinct categories of sexual offences and assigned punishments for each: Inauguration ceremony of Mohmand dam postponed. Alarm bells in India over US plan to cut troops in Afghanistan. ICC punishes Mickey Arthur for showing ‘dissent’ after controversial decision. Dawn picks the minds huxood movers and shakers to spot potential drivers and project trends hhudood key economic indicators.

Hudood Ordinances – Brill Reference

The political party landscape remains wracked with judicial complications and ongoing accountability pressures. Pakistan must own the FATF project.

Pakistan is once again at a critical juncture of political transition.

December 31, Economic direction? ONE has to look harder and harder to discern the economic message and direction of the government. The dimensions of human misery Updated December 30, Pressure on the press A government-controlled body to run the affairs of newspapers is not in sync with the modern concepts of rule.

Updated December 30, Prisoner accord If Pakistan hopes 11979 bring back to own prisons people sentenced abroad, it is even more reason to reform jail system.