Category:Geoffrey of Monmouth . arwiki جيفري مونماوث; astwiki Godofredo de Monmouth; be_x_oldwiki Гальфрыд Монмуцкі; bewiki Гальфрыд Монмуцкі. may not be thought to be the poor offspring of Geoffrey of Monmouth, but when polished by .. Sic de prole tua reges nascentur: et ipsis. Totius terrae subditus. Godofredo de Monmouth o Geoffrey de Monmouth fue un clérigo escritor y uno de los principales personajes en el desarrollo de la materia de Bretaña y.

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It chronicles the lives of the kings of the Britons over the course of two thousand years, beginning with the Trojans founding the British nation and continuing until the Anglo-Saxons assumed control of much of Britain around the 7th century.

It is one of the central pieces of the Matter of Britain. Although taken as historical well into the 16th century, [1] it is now considered to have no value as history. When events described, such as Julius Caesar ‘s invasions of Britaincan be corroborated from contemporary histories, Geoffrey’s account can be seen to be mohmouth inaccurate.

It remains, however, a valuable piece of medieval literature, which contains the earliest known version of the mmonmouth of King Lear gofofredo his three daughters, and helped popularise the legend of King Arthur. Geoffrey starts the book with a statement of his purpose in writing the history: Yet the deeds of these men were such that they deserve to be praised for all time.

He also cites Gildas and Bede as sources. Then follows a dedication to Robert, earl of Gloucester and Waleran, count of Meulanwhom he d to use their knowledge and wisdom to improve his tale. His great-grandson Brutus is banished, and, after a period of gosofredo, is directed by the goddess Diana to settle on an island in the western ocean. Brutus lands at Totnes and names the island, then called Albion”Britain” after himself. Brutus defeats the giants who are the only inhabitants of the island, and establishes his capital, Troia Nova, on the banks of the Thames; after his time it is renamed London.

When Brutus dies, his three sons, Locrinus, Kamber and Albanactus, se the county between themselves; the three kingdoms are named Loegria EnglandKambria Wales and Albany Scotland.

The story then progresses rapidly through the reigns of the descendants of Locrinus, including Bladudwho uses magic and even tries to fly, but dies in the process. Bladud’s son Leir mlnmouth for sixty years.

El rei Lear

He has no sons, so upon reaching old age he decides to godofedo his kingdom among his three daughters, Goneril, Regan and Cordelia. To decide who should get the largest share, he asks his daughters how much they love him.

Goneril and Regan give extravagant answers, but Cordelia answers simply and sincerely; angered, he gives Cordelia godofreedo land. Goneril and Regan are to share half the island with their husbands, the Dukes of Albany and Cornwall.

Cordelia marries Aganippus, King of the Franks, and departs for Gaul. Soon Goneril and Regan and godoofredo husbands rebel and take the whole kingdom. After Leir has had all his attendants taken from him, he begins to regret his actions towards Cordelia and travels to Gaul. Cordelia receives him compassionately and restores his royal robes and retinue.

Aganippus raises a Gaulish army for Leir, who returns to Britain, defeats his sons-in-law and regains the kingdom. Leir rules for three years and then dies; Cordelia inherits the throne and rules for five years before Marganus and Cunedagius, her sisters’ sons, rebel against her.

They imprison Cordelia; grief-stricken, she kills herself. Marganus and Cunedagius divide the kingdom between themselves, but soon quarrel and go to war with each other. Cunedagius eventually kills Marganus in Wales and retains the whole kingdom, ruling for thirty-three years. He godofredl succeeded by his son Rivallo.

They quarrel and both are eventually killed, sparking a civil war. This goeofredo to Britain being ruled by five kings, who keep attacking each other.

Category:Geoffrey of Monmouth

Dunvallo Molmutiusthe son of Cloten, the King of Cornwall, becomes pre-eminent. He eventually defeats the other kings and establishes his rule over the whole island.


He is said to have “established the so-called Molmutine Laws which are still famous today among the English”. Dunvallo’s sons, Belinus and Brenniusfight a civil war before being reconciled by their mother, and proceed to sack Rome.

Victorious, Brennius remains in Italy, while Belinus returns to rule Britain. Numerous brief accounts of successive kings follow. These include Ludwho renames Trinovantum ” Kaerlud ” after himself; this later becomes corrupted to Lon don. Lud is succeeded by his brother, Cassibelanusas Lud’s sons Androgeus and Tenvantius are not yet of age.

After his conquest of Gaul, Julius Caesar looks over the sea and resolves to order Britain to swear obedience and pay tribute to Rome. His commands are answered by a letter of refusal from Cassivellaunus. Caesar sails a fleet to Britain, but he is overwhelmed by Cassivellaunus’s army and forced to retreat to Gaul. Two years later he makes another attempt, but is again pushed back.

Then Cassivellaunus quarrels with one of his dukes, Androgeus, who sends a letter to Caesar asking him to help avenge the duke’s honour. Caesar invades once more and besieges Cassivellaunus on a hill. After several days Cassivellaunus offers to make peace with Caesar, and Androgeus, filled with remorse, goes to Caesar to plead with him for mercy.

Cassivellaunus pays tribute and makes peace with Caesar, who then returns to Gaul. Cassivelaunus dies and is succeeded by his nephew Tenvantius, as Ed has gone to Rome. Tenvantius godofrexo succeeded in turn by his son Kymbelinusand then Kymbelinus’s son Guiderius.

Guiderius refuses to pay tribute to emperor Claudiuswho then invades Britain.

After Guiderius is killed in battle with the Romans, his brother Arvirargus continues the defence, but eventually agrees to submit to Rome, and is given the hand of Claudius’s daughter Genvissa in marriage. Claudius returns to Rome, leaving the province under Arviragus’s governorship. The line of British kings continues under Roman rule, and includes LuciusBritain’s first Christian ee, and several Roman figures, including the emperor Constantine Ithe usurper Allectus and the military commander Asclepiodotus.

Geoffrey de Monmouth – Viquipèdia, l’enciclopèdia lliure

When Octavius passes the crown to his godofred Maximianus, his nephew Conan Meriadoc is given rule of Brittany to compensate him for not succeeding. After a long period of Roman rule, the Romans decide they no longer wish to defend the island and depart.

The Britons are immediately besieged by attacks from Picts, Scots and Danes, especially as their numbers have been depleted due to Conan colonizing Brittany and Maximianus using British troops for his campaigns.

In desperation the Britons send letters to the general of the Roman forces, asking for help, but receive no reply this passage borrows heavily from the corresponding section in Gildas’ De Excidio Britanniae. However Aldroenus instead sends goofredo brother Constantine to rule the Britons. After Constantine’s death Vortigern assists their eldest son Constans in succeeding, before enabling their murder and coming to power. Constantine’s remaining sons Aurelius Ambrosius and Uther are too young to rule and are taken to safety in Amorica.

Vortigern invites the Saxons under Hengist and Horsa to fight for him as mercenaries, but they rise against him.

He loses control of much of his land and encounters Merlin. At this point Geoffrey abruptly todofredo his narrative by inserting a series of prophecies attributed to Merlin. Some of the prophecies act monmoutu an epitome of upcoming chapters of the Historiawhile others are veiled monmkuth to historical people and events of the Norman world in the 11thth centuries.

The remainder are obscure. After Aurelius Ambrosius defeats and kills Vortigern, becoming king, Britain remains in a state of war under him and his brother Uther.

They are both assisted by the wizard Merlin. At one point during the continuous string of battles, Ambrosius takes ill and Uther must lead the army for him. This allows an enemy assassin to pose as a physician and poison Ambrosius. When the king dies, a comet taking the form of a dragon’s head pendragon appears in the night sky, which Merlin interprets as a sign that Ambrosius is dead and that Uther will be victorious and succeed him.


So after defeating his latest enemies, Uther adds “Pendragon” to his name and is crowned king. But another enemy strikes, forcing Uther to make war again. This time he is temporarily defeated, gaining final victory only with the help of Duke Gorlois of Cornwall.

But while celebrating this victory with Gorlois, he falls in love with the duke’s wife, Igerna. This leads to war between Uther Pendragon and Gorlois of Cornwall, during which Uther clandestinely lies with Igerna through the magic of Merlin. Arthur is conceived that night.

Then Gorlois is killed and Uther marries Igerna. But he must war against the Saxons again. Although Uther ultimately triumphs, he dies after drinking water from a spring the Saxons had poisoned. Uther’s son Arthur assumes the throne and defeats the Saxons so severely that they cease to be a threat until after his death. In the meantime, Arthur conquers most of northern Europe and ushers in a period of peace and prosperity that lasts until the Romans, led by Lucius Hiberiusdemands that Britain once again pay tribute to Rome.

Arthur defeats Lucius in Gaul, intending to become Emperor, but in his absence, his nephew Mordred seduces and marries Guinevere and seizes the throne.

Arthur returns and kills Mordred at the Battle of Camlannbut, mortally wounded, he is carried off to the isle of Avalonand hands the kingdom to his cousin Constantineson of Cador and Duke of Cornwall.

Dd Saxons returned after Arthur’s death, but would not end the line of British kings until the death of Cadwallader. Cadwallader is forced to flee Britain and requests the aid of King Alan of the Amoricans. However an angel’s voice tells him the Britons will no longer rule and he should go to Rome. Cadwallader does so, dying there, though leaves his son and nephew to rule the remaining Britons. Geoffrey claimed to have translated the Historia into Latin from “a very ancient book in the British tongue”, given to him by Walter, Archdeacon of Oxford.

In an exchange of manuscript material for their own histories, Robert of Torigny gave Henry of Huntington a copy of Ogdofredo Regum Britanniaewhich both Robert and Henry monomuth uncritically as authentic history and subsequently used in their own works, [8] by which means some of Geoffrey’s fictions became embedded in popular history.

The history of Geoffrey forms the basis for ds British lore and literature as well as being a rich source of material for Welsh bards. It became tremendously popular during the Godifredo Middle Monmoughrevolutionising views of British history before and during the Anglo-Saxon period despite the criticism of such writers as William of Newburgh and Gerald of Wales. Wace’s version was in turn translated into Middle English verse by Layamon the Monmotuh in the early 13th century.

In the second quarter of gosofredo 13th century, a version in Latin verse, the Gesta Regum Britanniaewas produced by William of Rennes.

Material from Geoffrey was incorporated into a large variety of Anglo-Norman and Middle English prose compilations of historical material from the 13th century onward. Geoffrey was translated into a godofreedo of different Welsh prose versions by the end of the 13th century, [9] collectively known as Brut y Brenhinedd.

One variant of the Brut y Brenhineddthe so-called Brut Tysiliowas proposed in by the archaeologist William Flinders Petrie to be the ancient British book that Geoffrey translated, [10] although the Brut itself claims to have been translated from Latin by Walter of Oxford, based on his own earlier translation from Welsh to Latin.

It is also the first record we have of the great figure King Lear, and the beginning of the mythical King Arthur figure. For many centuries, the Historia was accepted at face value, and much of its material was incorporated into Holinshed ‘s 16th-century Chronicles. Modern historians godoredo regarded the Historia as a work of fiction with some factual information contained within.