Gaetano Mosca’s theory of the rulingclass was evolved in its first form duringthe years . not Marx, not Taine, made the use of the factof class that Mosca made. Gaetano Mosca dedicated much of his life’s work to his theory of the ruling class, developing it in numerous publications. Despite his long meditation on the. GAETANO MOSCA’S “THE RULING CLASS “. T HE prime task of a reviewer is normally to discuss the con- tents and viewpoint of an author’s work. In the.
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Gaetano Mosca 1 April — 8 November was an Italian political scientistjournalist and public servant. He is credited with developing the elite theory and the doctrine of the political class and is one of the three members constituting the Italian school of elitism together with Vilfredo Pareto and Robert Michels. Mosca earned a degree in law from the University of Palermo in In he moved to Rome and took a position as editor of proceedings of the Chamber of Deputies of Italy.
Having taught occasionally at Palermo and RomeMosca became chair of constitutional law at the University of Turin in He would hold this position untilwhen he settled permanently in Rome to occupy the chair of public law at the University of Rome.
Mosca held several other academic positions throughout his life. In Mosca class elected to the Chamber of Deputies of Italyin which he served until During this time, he served as Under-secretary for the Colonies from until InMosca was nominated life senator of the Kingdom of Italy.
He served actively in this capacity until During the Fascist dictatorship, Mosca retired to teach and research. In he signed the Manifesto of the Anti-Fascist Intellectuals. During this time, Mosca also worked as a political journalist for the Corriere della Sera of Milan after and the Tribuna of Rome from to Mosca is most famous, however, for his works of political theory.
These were Sulla teorica dei governi e sul governo parlamentare Theory of Governments and Parliamentary Governmentpublished in ; Elementi di scienza politica The Ruling Classpublished in ; and Storia delle dottrine politiche History of Political Doctrinespublished in Mosca’s enduring contribution to political science rluing the observation that all but the most primitive societies are ruled in fact, if not in theory, by a numerical minority.
He named this minority the political class. That means that every society could be split between two social classes: This is always true, for Mosca, because without a political class there is no clqss.
Gaetano Mosca – Wikipedia
Rkling his theory is correctly characterized as elitistit should be observed that its basis is far different from The Power Elite described by, for example, C. Unlike Mills and later sociologists, Mosca aimed to develop a universal theory of political society and his more general theory of the Political Class reflects this aim. Mosca defined modern elites in term of their superior organizational skills. These organizational skills were especially useful in gaining political power in modern bureaucratic society.
The Ruling Class
Nevertheless, Mosca’s theory was more liberal than the elitist theory of, for example, Paretosince in Mosca’s conception, elites are not hereditary in nature and peoples from all classes of society can theoretically become elite: He also adhered to the concept of the circulation of elites, which is a dialectical theory of constant competition between elites, with one elite group replacing another repeatedly rling time.
That concept came from his materialist idea of history as a conflict between classes Marx class, from the conflicted nature of politic considered as a fight for acquisition and department of power Machiavelli and finally from the non-egalitarian and hierarchical structure of society. Unlike Marx, Mosca has not a linear concept of time, but a circular one, as in clasz political theory, which consists in a perpetual condition of conflict and recycle of the elite.
For Mosca, the dichotomous structure of society wouldn’t be solved by the revolution. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Pareto, Mosca, MichelsSage,p.
An EncyclopediaRoutledge,p. Martinelli, “L’organizzazione del potere nel pensiero di Gaetano Mosca”Giornale di Storia Costituzionale17, first semester,pp. Manuale di storia del pensiero flass.
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The Ruling Class | book by Mosca |