Wikipedia. Instance of, disease, Designated intractable/rare diseases. Subclass of, hair disease, metal metabolism disorder. Menkes disease (MNK), also known as Menkes syndrome, is an X-linked recessive disorder caused by mutations in genes coding for the copper-transport . A number sign (#) is used with this entry because of evidence that Menkes disease is caused by mutation in the gene encoding Cu(2+)-transporting ATPase .

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Vulpe CD, Packman S. Some animals had multiple aneurysms. Most patients have died between the ages of 6 months and 3 years. Reduced lysyl oxidase activity in skin ehfermedad from patients with Menkes’ syndrome.

Dyskeratosis congenita Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia EDA X-linked ichthyosis X-linked endothelial corneal dystrophy.

The 5-prime region of the same locus was also obtained by Chelly et al. Alport syndrome Dent’s disease X-linked nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.

Annu Rev Nutr ; Carrier status for the Menkes disease gene can usually be determined by examination of multiple hairs from scattered scalp sites for pili torti. Screening unrelated patients affected with Menkes syndrome, Tumer et al. The lack of copper may result in these changes, as copper is a key cofactor in the mitochondrial respiratory chain 18, Services on Demand Journal.

X-linked inheritance was suggested.

Three children with Enfermedas disease and significant osteoporosis with or without pathologic fractures all received pamidronate treatment for 1 year. Brain tissue accumulates 64 copper by two ligand-dependent saturable processes.

Menkes disease

Primary defect in copper transport underlies mottled mutants in the mouse. Color blindness mnekes and green, but not blue Ocular albinism 1 Norrie disease Choroideremia Other: Hypercalcaemia Milk-alkali syndrome Burnett’s Calcinosis CalciphylaxisCalcinosis cutis Calcification Metastatic calcificationDystrophic calcification Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia.


Close linkage of the gene for Menkes disease to the centromere region of the human X-chromosome. Using a combination dde single-strand conformation eenfermedad and direct sequencing of amplified exons, they detected a single bp deletion in exon 4 in one patient and in exon 12 in the other.

Whether this is the same disorder as that in Menkes’ family was unclear. Changes in the metaphyses of d long bones resemble scurvy. The first report of the EEG changes in MD included four patients with multifocal spike-and-wave activity Heritable Disorders of Connective Tissue.

The patient had a missense mutation in the ATP7A gene, which the authors hypothesized may have resulted in better response to therapy than a more deleterious mutation. A newspaper photograph of the 9-year-old patient indicated his appearance at the time of the report.

J Inherit Metab Dis ; A number of Golgi-resident proteins contain specific localization signals, and Francis et al. Germiniani by english review of the manuscript.

Menkes disease – Wikipedia

Additionally, the findings in muscle biopsy can range from mild changes found in a myriad of other disease, like an increase of variability of muscle fiber size, atrophy of type I and II muscle fibers, lack of fiber predominance, with mostly normal histological findings in muscle fibers 18, Accepted 9 October Values obtained were the same as those previously reported for human fibroblasts established from patients with Menkes disease, but no significant differences were found between the alleles associated with survival and those associated with prenatal death.

X-rays of the skull and skeleton are conducted to look for abnormalities in bone formation. Sensitive nerve conduction of median and ulnar nerves and motor nerve conduction memkes normal. While the OMIM database is open to the public, users seeking information about a personal medical or genetic condition are urged to consult with a qualified physician for diagnosis and enfermddad answers to personal questions. Copper-histidine therapy for Menkes disease. Ehlers-Danlos type IX–a first Japanese case.


The oldest patient was 20 years of age at the time of report.


Alterations in copper and collagen metabolism in the Menkes syndrome and a new subtype of the Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Menkes disease MNKalso known as Menkes syndrome[1] [2] is an X-linked recessive disorder caused by mutations in genes coding for the copper-transport protein ATP7A[3] leading to copper deficiency.

However, in those patients in late stages of MD mitochondrial compromise oxidase c cytochrome complex ragged red fibers can be found, similar to those found in mitochondrial myopathies 18, In the intestine copper does not enter the circulation; advantage has been taken of this fact to decrease the intestinal absorption of copper by administering zinc in Wilson disease MD was first described in by Menkes et al.

In the kidney, immunohistochemistry demonstrated the protein in proximal and distal tubules, with a distribution identical in mutant and normal mice.

The neurologic disorder was static and characterized by hypotonia and choreoathetosis. Horn reported that the mutation in ATP7A was arg to ter