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In The God DelusionDawkins contends that a supernatural creator almost certainly does not exist and that belief in a personal god qualifies as a delusionwhich he defines as a persistent false belief held in the face of strong contradictory evidence. He is sympathetic to Robert Pirsig ‘s statement in Lila that “when one person suffers from a delusion it is called insanity.

When many people suffer from a delusion it is called religion. Dawkins has argued against creationist explanations of life in his previous works on evolution. The theme of The Blind Watchmakerpublished inis that evolution can explain the apparent design in nature. In The God Delusion he focuses directly on a wider range of arguments used for and against belief in the existence of a god or gods.

Dawkins identifies himself repeatedly as an atheist, while also pointing out that, in a sense, he is also agnostic, though “only to the extent that I am agnostic about fairies at the bottom of the garden”. Dawkins had long wanted to write a book openly criticising religionbut his publisher had advised against it.

By the yearhis publisher had warmed to the idea. Dawkins attributes this change of mind to “four years of Bush ” who “literally said that God had told him to invade Iraq”.

How Religion Poisons Everything coming second. Dawkins dedicates the book to Douglas Adams and quotes the novelist: The first few chapters make a case that there is almost certainly no God, while the rest discuss religion and morality. Chapter one, “A deeply religious non-believer”, seeks to clarify the difference between what Dawkins terms “Einsteinian religion” and “supernatural religion”.

He notes that the former includes quasi-mystical and pantheistic references to God in the work of physicists like Albert Einstein and Stephen Hawkingand describes such pantheism as “sexed up atheism”. Dawkins instead takes issue with the theism present in religions like Christianity, Islam, and Hinduism.

Dawkins summarises the main philosophical arguments on God’s existencesingling out the argument from design for longer consideration.

Dawkins concludes that evolution by natural selection can explain apparent design in nature. He writes that one of the greatest challenges to the human intellect has been to explain “how the complex, improbable design in the universe arises”, and suggests that there are two competing explanations:. This is the basic set-up of his argument against the existence of God, the Ultimate Boeing gambit[17] where he argues that the first attempt is self-refuting, and the second approach is the way forward.

At the end ej chapter 4 “Why there almost certainly is no God”Dawkins sums up his argument and states, “The temptation [to attribute the appearance of ave to actual design itself] is a false one, because the designer hypothesis immediately raises the larger problem of who designed the designer.

The whole problem we started out with was the problem of explaining statistical dawkkns. It is obviously no solution to postulate something even more improbable”. Dawkins does not claim to disprove God with absolute certainty. Instead, he suggests as a general principle that simpler explanations are preferable see Occam’s razor and that an omniscient or omnipotent God must be extremely complex Dawkins argues that it is logically impossible for a God to be simultaneously omniscient and omnipotent.

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As such he argues that the theory of a universe without a God is preferable to eh theory of a universe with a God. The second half of the book begins by exploring the roots of religion and seeking an explanation for its ubiquity across human cultures. Dawkins advocates the “theory of religion as an accidental by-product — a misfiring of something useful” [21] as for example the mind’s employment of intentional stance. Dawkins suggests that the theory of memesand human susceptibility to religious memes in particular, can explain how religions might spread like “mind viruses” across societies.

He then turns to aavec subject of moralitymaintaining that we do not need religion to be good.

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Instead, our morality has a Darwinian explanation: He asks, “would you commit murder, rape or robbery if you knew that no God existed? In support of this view, he surveys the history of morality, arguing that there is a moral Zeitgeist that continually evolves in society, generally progressing toward liberalism. As it progresses, this moral consensus influences how religious leaders interpret their holy writings.

Thus, Dawkins states, morality does not originate from the Bible, rather our moral progress informs what part of the Bible Christians accept and what they now dismiss. The God Delusion is not just a defence of atheism, but also goes on the offensive against religion. Dawkins sees religion as subverting science, fostering fanaticismencouraging bigotry against homosexualsand influencing society in other negative ways. He is most outraged about the teaching of religion in schools, which he considers to be an indoctrination process.

He equates the religious teaching of children by parents and teachers in faith schools to a form of mental abuse. Dawkins considers the labels “Muslim child” and “Catholic child” equally misapplied as the descriptions ” Marxist child” and ” Tory child”, as he wonders how a young child can be considered developed enough to have such independent views on the cosmos and humanity’s place within it.

Pour En Finir Avec Dieu by Richard Dawkins

The book concludes with the question of whether religion, despite its alleged problems, fills a “much needed gap”, giving consolation and inspiration to people who need it. According to Dawkins, these needs are much better filled by non-religious means such as philosophy and science. He suggests that an atheistic worldview is life-affirming in a way that religion, with its unsatisfying “answers” to life’s mysteries, could never be. An appendix gives addresses for those “needing support in difu religion”.

The book provoked an immediate response, both positive and negative, and was published with endorsements from scientists, such as Nobel laureate and co-discoverer of the structure of DNA James D. WatsonHarvard psychologist Steven Pinkeras well as popular writers of fiction and the illusionists Penn and Teller. Eastern Orthodox theologian David Bentley Hart says that Dawkins “devoted several pages of The God Delusion to a discussion of the ‘ Five Ways ‘ of Thomas Aquinas but never thought to avail himself of the pout of some scholar of ancient and mediaeval thought who might have explained them to him As a result, he not only mistook the Five Ways for Thomas’s comprehensive statement on why we should believe in God, which they most definitely are not, but een up completely misrepresenting the logic of every single one of them, and at the most basic levels.

The ethicist Margaret Somerville[37] suggested that Dawkins “overstates the case against religion”, [38] particularly its role in human conflict. Many of Dawkins’ defenders claim that critics generally misunderstand his real point.

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During a debate daw,ins Radio 3 Hong KongDavid Nicholls, writer and president of dqwkins Atheist Foundation of Australiareiterated Dawkins’ sentiments vaec religion is an “unnecessary” aspect of global problems. In an interview with the Time magazine, Dawkins said:.

I think that Gould’s separate compartments was a purely political ploy to win middle-of-the-road religious people to the science camp.

But it’s a very empty idea. There are plenty of places where religion does not keep off the scientific turf. Any belief in miracles is flat contradictory not just to the facts of science but to the spirit of science.

Astrophysicist Martin Rees has suggested that Dawkins’ attack on mainstream religion is unhelpful. The debate was titled “Has Science Buried God? Critics have reacted strongly to Dawkins’ arguments, and many books have been written in response to The God Delusion. In Turkeywhere the book had sold at least 6, copies, [78] a prosecutor launched a probe into whether The God Delusion was “an attack on holy values”, following a complaint in November If convicted, the Turkish publisher and translator, Erol Karaaslan, would have faced a prison sentence of inciting religious hatred and insulting religious values.

In ruling out the need to confiscate copies of the book, the presiding judge stated that banning it “would fundamentally limit the freedom of thought”. The book has been officially translated into many different languages, such as Spanish, German, Italian, and Turkish. Dawkins has also promoted unofficial translations of the book in languages such as Arabic [83] and Bengali.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Book by Richard Dawkins. For the documentary film, see The Root of All Evil? Religious delusion Agent detection Atheism: Smith Breaking the Spell: Religion as a Natural Phenomenona similar book by Daniel Dennett Efficacy of prayer Evolutionary psychology of religion The Future dawikns an Illusion by Sigmund Freudwhich also proposes that theism results from a delusional belief system God of the gaps Morality without religion Pascal’s Wager New Atheism Spectrum of theistic probability.

Allen svec January New York Review of Books. Retrieved 8 March Archived from the original PDF on 28 February The New York Times. Retrieved 2 December Archived from the original on 13 October Retrieved 14 September Archived from the original on 15 September Diue 5 October But that is my whole point!

We pick and choose which bits of scripture to believe, which bits to write off as symbols and allegories. Dawkins states preachers in the southern portions of the United States used the Bible to justify slavery by claiming Africans were descendants of Noah ‘s sinful son Ham.

During the Crusadespagans and heretics who would dzwkins convert to Christianity were murdered.

Pour En Finir Avec Dieu

In an extreme example from modern times, he cites the case of Reverend Paul Hillwho revelled in his self-styled martyrdom: I am looking aved to glory,” he announced as he faced execution for murdering a doctor who performed abortions in Florida, USA.

Archived from the original on 1 April Retrieved 8 April Archived from the original on 18 February Retrieved 13 March Galaxy British Book Awards. Archived from the original on 24 April Retrieved 12 September Archived from the original on 8 July Yale University Press Retrieved 24 July The God Delusion by Richard Dawkins”.

Genes, Memes, and the Meaning of Life. Archived from the original on 6 January