Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. [German Version]. Compiled around , this Byzantine chronicle of the world ( Chronicles: I) extends to the year and is an important source for the time of. Project progress: problems which the project leader came across during the edition project of the Chronicon paschale (Textstrata, Codex Unicus errors, previous.
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The Chronicon Paschale is a chronicle which was written in about A. It is an important source of information about the Byzantine Empire of that time, but for earlier periods it concentrates on sacred Jewish history.
It also contains a list of Roman consulswhich is not translated here. Translated from Dindorf’s text in Migne, PG. A copy of PG.
In total, 5, years [from the creation]. This kingdom was like a statue, whose hands and chest and arms were made of silver. Alexander founded 12 cities, which were called as follows: Harpasus Alexandria Cabiosa Alexandriaalso called Scythiain?
Ptolemythe son of Lagus and Arsinoebecame the first [king] of Egypt, for 40 years. In total, 5, years. The consul Camillus executed his own son, because he joined battle contrary to his father’s orders, even though he won the battle. In total, years. The Syro-Macedonians, that is the inhabitants of Apameiacount their Paschal era from the year of these consuls. In order to translate the Jewish scriptures from Hebrew into Greek, he chronicoh away 72 of the Hebrew wise chrojicon on Pharosthe island of Proteusin 72 separate dwelling chornicon.
He had placed the scriptures in the libraries which he had created at Alexandriaalong with many other books of all sorts which he had collected from every city.
When he saw that the books which he had brought from Jerusalem were written in letters of gold, he was amazed, and after having copies made he returned them together with gifts. The scriptures were translated within 72 days on the island of Pharos. The 72 wise men caused astonishment because they had each translated the scriptures while separated from each other, but when they came into Ptolemy ‘ presence and compared the translations, they were found to be identical.
Then glory was given to Godand the scriptures were recognised as being truly inspired, because they had all produced the same translation. Therefore the nations of today believe that it was by the inspiration of God that the scriptures were translated within 72 days on the island of Pharos.
In the year chrnoicon these consuls, silver coinage was minted for the first time at Rome. Simon became the 12th high priest at Jerusalem, for 22 years. In the year of these consuls, the [events of] the first book of Maccabees took place. Caria and Rhodes were shaken by psachale earthquake, and the Colossus at Rhodes fell down.
The composition of the second book of Maccabees started [from this year]. The Jews were defeated by this Ptolemy. They lost 40, soldiers, and the prisoners were taken off to Jerusalem.
There, on the orders of Ptolemy, five hundred elephants, who were equipped for fighting, were given a mixture of wine and frankincense to drink for three days, so that they would destroy all the Jews in a single attack. When the fourth day came, the Jews offered up prayers, and the elephants trod down the Egyptians’ own soldiers and [‘A] people, destroying the best part of them because of the madness which took hold of them.
So the Jews were saved, and returned with thanksgiving to their homes. Antiochus the king of Syria made a treaty of friendship with Ptolemy [‘A] Epiphanes, and gave his daughter Cleopatra to be Ptolemy ‘ wife. Antiochus handed over SyriaPhoeniciaSamaria and Judaea as her dowry.
Since he was unable to harm Onias, and was forced into exile, he decided to betray his country. So he went to Apolloniusthe governor of Syria, Phoenicia, and Ciliciaand promised to provide money for him. He said that the treasury at Jerusalem contained much private money, which properly belonged not pxschale the temple but to the king. Paschaale reported this to king Seleucus, and on receiving authority from the king he went to Jerusalem, accompanied by Simon and a very strong army.
The people and the priests of the temple met him with protests, but Apollonius cowed them with threats and forced his way into the temple. The people prayed for God to protect his temple, [‘A] and suddenly angels riding on horses appeared from heaven. The angels struck down Apollonius, who fell half-dead vhronicon the floor of the crowded precinct of the temple.
He stretched out his hands and begged the people to pray to God to save him. Onias the high priest was moved by his entreaty, and so that Seleucus should not suspect that Apollonius had been killed by human agency, prayed to God on his behalf. Then Apollonius was saved, and went back to king Seleucus to inform him of what had happened. He dedicated his commentaries on the books of Moses to Ptolemy Philometor.
Onias, who was also called Menelaus, the Jewish high priest psschale had betrayed his country to Antiochus Epiphanes, was killed by Antiochus Eupator. Then Alcimuswho was not from a priestly family, obtained the high priesthood by bribery. Because chhronicon this, Onias the son of the high priest Onias went off to Egypt and founded the city there which is called “the city of Onias “, where he built a temple similar to the temple at Jerusalem.
Alcimus the high priest contended against Judas Maccabaeus, but before long he was struck down by chrpnicon blow from Godand died. Then the entire Jewish people assigned the high priesthood to Judas Maccabaeus. After becoming high priest, he sent a delegation to the Romans, and the senate decreed that the Jews should be entrolled amongst the friends and allies of the Roman people, as is pqschale in the history of the Maccabees.
After this he attacked Jerusalem and was defeated by Judas Maccabaeus, the general of the Jews. This Antiochus killed chronixon high priest Onias, also called Menelaus, through the agency of his general Andronicus. After Onias came Alcimus, who was not from a priestly family.
After Judas, his brother Jonathananother son of Mattathias, became leader [of the Jews]. Ptolemy the second Euergetes gave his daughter in marriage to Alexanderthe king of Syria and Asia. After agreeing peace terms with Judas Maccabaeus, he was killed at a feast by the soldiers of Ptolemy the second Euergetes. Later Herodeswho was king of the Jews though a foreigner, rebuilt the city and called it Sebaste.
He sent an embassy to the Romans and was recognised as their ally by a decree of the senate. Ptolemy Alexander, the son of Ptolemy the second Euergetes and of Cocce, was driven out of his kingdom and was killed at Myra in Lycia. This Aristobulus, the son of Jonathan Hyrcanuswas the first to assume the royal diadem as well as the title of high priest. Chronicno reigned for one year, in the [th] year from the start of the Babylonian captivity. He was a very cruel ruler.
It should be noted from this that the succession of the kings of Judaea had come to an end. After the death of Zorobabel who was of the tribe of Judahfollowing the return from captivity, the predicted succession did not occur until the advent of Christso that the promised Christ was looked for from that time onwards.
Therefore the saints, who expected to see the advent of Christ appearing in the flesh, deservedly found what they desired. For this reason, as I think, the disciples of Christ who were learned in the law said [?
He entered as far as the “adyta”, that is the Holy of holies of the temple, and despoiled the temple, seizing many treasures from it. He led back Aristobulus and his children as captives to Rome. He took away the Holy Scriptures, the vessels, the golden engravings, the golden vine, the couch of Solomon and many other holy objects. He handed over the position of high priest to Hyrcanusthe son of Alexander and Alexandra Salina, and appointed a certain Antipater pascchale Ascalon to govern Palestine.
He forced the entire nation of the Jews to become tributary to the Romans, and led off many of them as captives to the senate at Rome. Hyrcanus rebuilt the walls of Jerusalem, which had been destroyed by Pompeius. Ptolemy the new Dionysus, psschale was also called Auletes, fled to Rome.
Gaius Julius Caesar returned to Rome after completing the conquest of Gaul.
Chronicon Paschale – Wikipedia
Gaius Julius Caesar was appointed to be the first emperor of the Romans. The dictator Julius Caesar was not born in the normal way, but after his mother died in the ninth month [of pregnancy] she was cut open and the baby was pulled out.
Therefore the baby was called Caesar, which in Latin means “cut out”.
When he had grown up and shown great bravery, he was created triumvir along with Pompeius and Crassuswho were ex-consuls, in the first year of this th Olympiadand the government of Rome was controlled by these three men. After the death of Crassus, who was killed by the Persians in a battle fought in the region of Persia, the dictator Caesar remained with his army to fight in the west. Then he was removed from the office of consul, or triumvir, by the decree of the whole Roman senate, with the agreement of his father-in-law Pompeius the Great.
Angered by this, Julius Caesar established a tyranny over the Romans. He waged war against the Romans, and attacked Pompeius the Great and the Roman senate. After marching on Rome and capturing it, he killed the senators. This Julius Caesar, as dictator or emperor, ruled over everyone in an arrogant and tyrannical fashion for 4 years and 7 months, from 12th May of the first indiction. In Antioch the Great the freedom of the city, after it had come under Roman control, was proclaimed on the 20th day of the month of Artemisiusas authorised by Julius Caesar.
And this Julius Caesar was proclaimed dictator in Antioch the Great on the 23rd day of the same month of Artemisius. In his reign the Roman state prospered, and the rulers after him were called Caesars. He was consul and the first emperor of the Romans. He was an excellent orator.
The start of the indictions: The inhabitants of Antioch count their era from the 12th day of the month of Artemisius in the first year of Gaius Julius Caesar, which was the year of the consuls Lepidus and Plancus[‘A] and the beginning of the indictions is counted from the first day of the month of Gorpiaeus.
The inhabitants of Laodiceia count their era from this year. In the year of these consuls, a war against the Isauri took place. The consul Antonius decreed that the month of Quintilis should be called Julybecause [Julius Caesar] was born in that month.
Julius Caesar added 11 days to this year, to be in line with the course of the sun and the moon. He routed them, and held celebratory games for six days. These are the high priests who held office [‘A] after the return from the 70 years’ captivity, that is from the 8th year of Dareius the son of Hystaspeswhich was the second year of the 63rd Olympiad: Jesusthe son of Josedecjointly with Zorobabelfor 32 years.
Jacimusthe son of Jesus, for 30 years.