Caranx hippos. This large fish is wonderfully abundant in the Atlantic Ocean, and popular resource for both commercial and sports fishers alike. Description, classification, synonyms, distribution map and images of Caranx hippos – Crevalle jack. (ofScomber hippos Linnaeus, ) Linnaeus C. (). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum.

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Medium, minimum population doubling time 1. Yippos Caranx in the Western North Atlantic. After the juvenile reaches a size of 1. Otolith and vertebrae studies have proved useful in determining the age and thus growth patterns of the species, with other methods including scale and fin ray sectioning having lesser value. They have a diameter of 0.

Crevalle Jack Crevalle jack.

There have been some reports of ciguatera poisoning associated with this jack. The crevalle jack is an important species to commercial fisheries throughout its range, with annual catches ranging between and 30 tonnes over its entire range.

Eggs are pelagic Ref. DMSP is a naturally occurring chemical produced by marine algae and, to a lesser extent, corals and their symbiotic zooxanthellae. This poisoning, although it is usually self-limiting, can affect humans in many ways. V,Perciformi Percoideipp. Evidence from laboratory studies indicates crevalle jack are able to coordinate their feeding and spawning aggregations over coral reefs based on the release of dimethylsulfoniopropionate DMSP from the reef.

Ina crevalle jack caught by fishermen off South Carolina displayed swollen, bulbous mandibles. The former was an attempt to separate the ‘subspecies’ on each side of the Americas, [7] while the latter was an unnecessary name to divide the Atlantic Caranx hippos into subspecies. Crevalle jack readily accept any style of lure, including hard-bodied spoons, jigs, plugs and poppers, as well as flies and soft rubber lures. Ciguatera poisoning occurs when humans eat a fish that has eaten a toxin that is produced by the dinoflagellate, Gambierdiscus toxicusand it is carranx by the fish.


The only amateur catch data available are from the US, which has an annual catch of around hipos tonnes per year. The widely variable diet of the species throughout its life stages led authors in the s and s to conclude the species was indiscriminate in its feeding habits, eating whatever was locally available.

Eastern Central Atlantic Vol 1. Views Read Edit View history. The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic.

Caranx hippos, Crevalle jack : fisheries, gamefish

The pigmentation of the first dorsal fin decreases above 1. A dark spot is present on the pectoral fin, with yippos similar dark to dusky spot present on the upper margin of the operculum. This page was last edited on 18 Juneat The crevalle jack is a schooling species for most of its life, forming moderately large to very large, fast-moving schools.

These individuals live on the outer shelf edges, sill reefs and upper slopes of the deep reef, and tend to be more solitary than juveniles.

Smithsonian Marine Station

In these experiments, the fish were presented with a range of size classes of the same prey species, Menidia beryllinawith the results showing they prefer to take the smallest size class possible, which contrasts with more aggressive predators, such as bluefish.

In the Americas, the reported annual catch has ranged between and tonnes sincewith catches since ranging between and tonnes. Fisheries Management and Ecology. They primarily are found along the continental shelf, but occur in waters as deep as feet m.


Modified by Musschoot, Tobias.

Generally in neritic waters over the continental shelf Ref. Another known parasite, B. Collaborators Pictures Stamps, Coins Misc. Distinctive Features The crevalle jack has a hip;os depth of about three times its fork length. It is distinguishable from similar species by its deep body, fin colouration and a host of more detailed anatomical features, including fin ray and lateral line scale counts.

American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists.

There is an area of dark pigment above the peduncle that appears at 1. University of Texas Press. The crevalle jack inhabits the tropical and temperate waters of the Atlantic Oceanranging extensively along both the eastern American coastline and the western African and European coastlines.

WoRMS – World Register of Marine Species – Caranx hippos (Linnaeus, )

Phylogenetic diversity index Ref. Short description Morphology Morphometrics Dorsal spines total: In juveniles the small patch scales on the chest form at 0.

Field studies have also shown the species increases in abundance with increased levels of DMSP over coral reefs. Although these names are no longer valid, these included Scomber carangus BlochCaranx carangus BlochCaranx carangua LacepedeCaranx erythrurus LacepedeCaranx antilliarum BennettCaranx defensor DeKayTrachurus cordyla GronowCaranx esculentus GirardCaranx hippos caninus Guntherand Caranx hippos tropicus Nichols The crevalle jack is classified within the genus Caranxone of a number of groups known as the jacks or trevallies.

Jack crevalles live in a variety of temperatures and salinities.