Snake bites by the jararacucu (Bothrops jararacussu): Clinicopathological studies of 29 proven cases in Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Article (PDF. Genus: Bothrops. Species: jararacussu. Common Names Jararacussu. Local Names Cabeca de Sapo, Jararacucu, Jararacucu Malha de Sapo, Jararacucu. COMUNICACIONES BREVES. Notes of cases of aggression and ophiophagy by Bothops jararacussu (Lacerda ) in captivity. Nota de casos de agresiĆ³n y.

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Venom Anticoagulants Probably not present.

These include local cauterization, incision, excision, amputation, suction by mouth, vacuum pump or syringe, combined incision and suction “venom-ex” apparatusinjection or instillation of compounds such as potassium permanganate, phenol carbolic soap and trypsin, application of electric shocks or ice cryotherapyuse of traditional herbal, folk and other remedies including the ingestion of emetic plant products and parts of the snake, multiple incisions, tattooing and so on.

Contiguo a la plaza de deportes, Dulce Nombre de Coronado. Venom Necrotoxins Present but not defined.

A general consideration of snake poisoning and observations on neotropical pitvipers. General Shape Large in length, heavy bodied pitviper.

Morphological and molecular evidence for phylogeny and classification of South American pitvipers, genera Bothrops, Bothriopsis, and Jararscussu Serpentes: Eyes are medium in size with vertically elliptical pupils.

Venom Procoagulants Fibrinogen clotting toxins. However, we cannot access every published paper of potential bothropd, either because they are not available to us or are in a language we cannot translate internally. Tweet Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator.

If there is any impairment of vital functions, such as problems with respiration, airway, circulation, heart function, these must be supported as a priority.

General Systemic Effects Variable non-specific effects which may include headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, dizziness, collapse or convulsions.


Venom Cardiotoxins Probably not present. Small Approx 20k version. Most traditional, and many of the more recently fashionable, first aid measures are useless and potentially dangerous. Renal Damage Common, usually secondary effect.

The following should also be noted when reading information contained within the databases on this website: Can grow to a maximum of over 2. If no motor vehicle or boat is available, the patient can be carried on a stretcher or hurdle, on the pillion or crossbar of a bicycle or on someone’s back.

Snout is not elevated. Habits Terrestrial and mainly a nocturnal snake. Snakebite in Mexico and central and South America. Local Necrosis Common, moderate to severe. Dorsal scales are strongly keeled. The bitten limb should be immobilised as effectively as possible using an extemporised splint or sling; if available, crepe bandaging of the splinted limb is an effective form of immobilisation.

Check List 7 6: Find more photos by Google images search: Copyright ToxinologyWCH. Systemic effects may be minor or severe, possibly including coagulopathy and bleeding, kidney damage, even myolytic muscle damage. Can you confirm these amateur observations of Bothrops jararacussu?

WCH Clinical Toxinology Resources

Check List 7 3: Equally, we cannot list knowledge which is not yet reported or known. Cardiotoxicity Uncommon, secondary to myolysis-induced hyperkalaemia. All cases with significant systemic effects require IV antivenom, as will most cases with significant local effects.

The bite wound should not be tampered with in any way. Average Venom Qty to mg dry weightMinton Ref: In two patients, autopsies revealed acute renal tubular necrosis, cerebral oedema, haemorrhagic rhabdomyolysis at the site of the bite and disseminated intravascular coagulation.

It should not be assumed that humankind currently knows all there is to know jararscussu any species, even for common species. Ambientais Blumenau bothrope 1: Two became shocked and four developed renal failure.

After ensuring the patient and onlookers have moved out of range of further strikes by the snake, the bitten person should be reassured and persuaded to lie down and remain still.


Multiple doses may be required. Look for moderate to severe local effects, including pain, swelling, potential for fluid shifts and hypovolaemic shock, blistering, necrosis, abscess formation.

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First aid for bites by Viperid snakes likely to cause significant local injury at the bite site jaraeacussu listing in Comments section. All rings or other jewellery on the bitten limb, especially on bohrops, should be removed, as they may act as tourniquets if oedema develops. No attempt should be made to pursue the snake into the undergrowth as this will risk further bites.

The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Bothrop pages and scripting Jiri Hosek. If there will be considerable delay before reaching medical aid, measured in several hours to days, then give clear fluids by mouth to prevent dehydration. Further, we cannot control how users will interpret the information provided on botheops site.

We therefore do not accept legal responsibility for use of the information provided and we require that all users use information from this site at their own risk. Countries Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay. Venom Neurotoxins Probably not present. Albinism in Bothrops jararacussu Lacerda, Serpentes: Province of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Severe signs of local and systemic envenoming, local necrosis, shock, spontaneous systemic bleeding, renal failure were seen only in patients bitten by snakes longer than 50 cm; bites by shorter specimens were more likely to cause incoagulable blood.