The wood is used for construction in house building, planks, flooring, joinery and food containers. It is suitable for interior trim, ship building. Find technical and marketing information for lesser-used tropical timber species, LUS. Learn more on our Ebiara (Berlinia grandiflora) page. Group. Dicot. Family. Fabaceae – Caesalpinioideae. Genus. Berlinia. Species. Berlinia grandiflora (Vahl) Hutch. & Dalziel. Notes. (fr: melegba des galeries).
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Berlinia grandiflora Vahl Hutch.
The wood is used for construction in house building, planks, flooring, joinery and food containers. It is suitable for interior trim, ship building, vehicle bodies, furniture, cabinet making, railway sleepers, stakes, draining boards, turnery, veneer and plywood. Bark sap is applied to sores and wounds, and bark decoctions are administered to treat haemorrhoids and liver complaints, and as a vermifuge.
A decoction of leafy twigs is used as febrifuge, cholagogue and anti-emetic; however, it is also reported to gradniflora used as emetic and purgative. Leaf decoctions are taken as a tonic. Berlinia grandiflora is sometimes planted as ornamental tree and shade tree in villages, and as a shade tree in coffee plantations.
It is occasionally browsed by livestock, especially sheep and goats. The heartwood is pinkish brown to reddish brown with purplish streaks, and distinctly demarcated from the pinkish white, wide sapwood. The grain is interlocked, texture medium to coarse. The wood is odourless grandiflorra tasteless when dry. It air dries rather slowly but well, with occasionally bwrlinia distortion.
The rates of shrinkage are rather high, from green to oven dry 5. The wood works and saws moderately well, but geandiflora rapid blunting of saw teeth and cutting edges may occur. Picking-up of grain at planed surfaces can be grandifpora. The nailing and screwing properties are satisfactory, as well as gluing and bending characteristics.
The staining and polishing properties are reportedly variable. The wood is moderately durable, being moderately resistant to termite attacks, but liable to pinhole and marine borer attacks.
The sapwood is easily treated with preservatives, but the heartwood is resistant.
Ebiara (Berlinia grandiflora) | ITTO
In bark extracts, the presence of alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids, triterpenes and glycosides has been demonstrated. They significantly increased pentobarbitone-induced sleeping time in mice and showed analgesic effect. They induced a dose-dependent contraction of isolated guinea-pig ileum. Bark extracts showed anthelmintic activity in rats infected with Nippostrongylus brasiliensis and against the free-living soil nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Betulinic acid was identified as active component.
Berlinia comprises about 20 species and is confined to tropical Africa with nearly all species occurring in West and Central Africa. Many species closely resemble each other, and identification may be problematic.
Berlinia grandiflora belongs to section Berliniacharacterized by petals that are very unequal in length and by small bracts. It has been confused with several other species from this section, especially Berlinia auriculata Benth.
Keay, Berlinia confusa Hoyle and Berlinia coriacea Keay. Trees often geandiflora at the end of the dry granidflora. Fruits ripen about 6 months later. Berlinia grandiflora occurs mostly in gallery forest in savanna areas, up to m altitude. It can also be found in edges of semi-deciduous forest patches in savanna regions. It prefers deep and well-drained soils. Berlinia grandiflora is widespread and moderately common locally. It is unlikely to be threatened by genetic erosion. Berlinia grandiflora will remain of local importance for its yrandiflora and medicine.
Very little is known about its growth and development, propagation and planting and proper management measures. It deserves more attention as a multipurpose species that could be useful in agroforestry systems.
West African Plants