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Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Lakshmi Panchali or A Book of Conduct?

Demystifying Ideological Indoctrination We live in a capitalist economy. And capitalism is a form of exploitation as the Marxian philosophers have told us. Capitalism depends in different ways on the exploitation of certain pabchali of human beings by others. Friedrich Engels in his The Condition of the working class in England writes that for one social class to benefit from the profits of a capitalist economy, another must live in poverty and misery.

But why does such a system continue to exist? The answer is simply because it is not being questioned or no one ever speaks about it. It is in this space that Louis Althusser identifies the state apparatus in relation to power which is repressive — namely the government, administration, army, police, courts, prisons etc. In this sense it is clear that there can be no question of panchaali theory of ideologies in general, since ideologies defined in the double respect apnchali above: However, while admitting that they do not correspond to reality, i.

Reading of the Panchali is an integral part of the Lakshmi —puja which follows the Durga puja. Goddess Lakshmi is considered to be the Goddess of prosperity, wealth, health, success and over-all peace and happiness of the family. It is the duty of the women of the household to please the Goddess.

This goes bengaki from generation to generation- my mother did it, her kakshmi did it, her mother did it and the onus lies on me to carry forward the family tradition. Dose one believe in the age-old stories of the brata? These are ideologies rooted deep into human conviction and it is not the question of belief or non- belief but fear that is the modus operandi.

These are true of the western world as well. Women were continuously instructed that their spiritual and social worth resided above all lakzhmi in their lakhmi of and reputation for chastity. Unmarried virgins and wives were to maintain silence in the public sphere and give unstinting obedience to father and husband. What about the daughters? Whether it be Rakhi, Bhai-bhuj, bhai-fota — these are all ceremonies for the protectors of the family and in lamshmi states the attainment of puberty is celebrated- for her to be the progenitor panchwli bearer of the male descendent.

While the married women lived under disabilities, the divorced women were freed from all such constrictions. But this too was not without social ostracism as the scriptures later proved. We all know the good effects of fasting but fasting is not the proof of a pure body. The brata is usually performed inside the house and tend to be household rather than temple-oriented.

They abstain from food, sexuality, alcohol, gambling -pleasures of any sort. Sometimes even the next day hot food is prohibited. Talcott Parson developed a model of a nuclear family in In Model A, there is a total role segregation insisting on gender specific education of women. The work place, career and professional advancement considered secondary, housekeeping and child care the primary and most important function of women.


Men will be the final decision-makers. In Model B, men and women will share all the responsibilities equally. The responsibility of raising a child will be borne equally by the father and the mother. Model B is a healthier benali for the betterment of the society.

Women have themselves contributed to their submission in society- and all this because they have lakshim their families and family members. This is the worst case of exploitation in a capitalist economy.

The Panchali is merely a case study — an imitation of the book of conducts in the western world, a book of etiquette and behaviour to identify the codes of conduct in a society. Any deviation from it is threatened with fear of the gods and the curse that will befall them, and all this because the woman of the family has forgotten to do such and such thing on such and such day.

If this were the case then severe disaster would have fallen families in the European nations. A Brata-katha can be a Panchali but a panchali cannot be a brata-katha.

Herein I am using the brata-katha as one with the panchali as the common folk use both the terms in complement to each other. Codes of conduct as enumerated: And what are these bad deeds which have enveloped the household? She should not sleep in the evening. She should mop the floor with cow-dung considered holya thing unthinkable in the modern world and rejected even by the staunch believers. The second part of the same stance is important for it draws attention to the fact that women reject such an act because their clothes would get dirty.

As such she has no choice of thought and her sphere primarily concerns her looks and dress Women tend to forget their responsibiities for simple earthly pleasures. A woman will always be dependent on the father, husband or son and the desire to be fee is not encouraged according to the dictates o the brata.

Are modern day women inviting misfortune by keeping maids and cooks? And if that day happens to be a full moon poornima she will fast the whole day to do the puja. This is further followed by stories that prove that these are true, that is one who maintains the codes actually receive the blessings of the Goddess. This kind of panchali reading involved the gathering of older women and the younger women thus fostering a sense of sisterhood among all.

It is nothing new that in our society it is the women who are in many cases the oppressors of other women. Although our mothers continue to read it, they would also not encourage us to such conducts. But in India we take pride in our pristine culture and glory and one of the chief elements of this is our rich religiosity.

In questioning it we are drifting apart from the rituals which also foster a sense of oneness in the family and give the children of the family an idea about family.

Goddess Lakshmi – 25 Shocking facts about Goddess Lakshmi no one knows!

In the modernist age we would otherwise find our lives meaningless. It is essential therefore that the rituals are followed, fasts done but all together. An interesting aspect of such kind of an activity happens when a woman desperately clings to her failing marriage to participate in these kinds of social activities.


This is not sparing of the lakshmi-puja alone. It is true of all other pujas as well. Why do we keep silent on such kind of emotional violence where each one of us is the perpetrators?

Tag: Lakhsmi Panchali

pancha,i Relegated to the secondary position her place has been one of such where she becomes the determinate and not the determine. It is the patriarchal hegemony, laksymi merely the patriarchal, but the power holders who decide the role she pahchali to play. It would be important to note here that at a time then the brata-kathas ere written down and promoted child marriage as rampant in the society.

One possibility of his codes of conduct is to compel them to stay at home and prevent their mind from wandering outside since they were married at an early age. Any new challenge to a convention includes the challenge to age old traditions and beliefs — something that is already absorbed within the mind through generations of social customs and hierarchical superiorities.

But why do you continue to read it then? This is because of the fear that the Goddess would punish and in a capitalist economy they will be drained out of their last pennies. This horrific thought of sudden misery is enough to run-the-mill. Through this paper my intention is to question the validity of the ideologies which continue to exist without rectification.

In India religion is an important thing but panhcali spread inequality and disrespect through religion is something that we should all speak panchaki. It will be meaningless to find an easy solution through complete negation of the kathas for it is on the individual to follow it or not.

Complete rejections would mean that we will deprive our younger generations from the feeling of familial gatherings. The need of the hour is correct value based education for both boys and girls. An effigy is usually made with grounded rice, turmeric and red-black coloured trunks of trees.

Strangely, most women in the 21st century belong to this category. For Marx and Panhali — ideology — including all the literary and cultural products which are a part of it — is a set of discourses whose function is to justify and maintain the position of the ruling class in a society that is based on the economic exploitation of one class by another — it is a discourse of class interest.

And we can hardly disagree with them in this respect. Sree Sree lakshmi Devir Panchali o Brata katha. Bengali year Secondary Sources: The Position of Women in Hindu Civilization.

Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Private Limited. Belsey, Caterine panchalo MooreJane. A Matter of Time. FerretterLuke Louis Althusser. Taylor and Francis Routledge: The Book laksshmi Common Prayer. A Gendered Reading of Conduct books. Remember me on this computer. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link.

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