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In AprilAl Jazeera described it as “the country’s most popular daily”. In Octoberits publisher and editor Rachid Niny was condemned to pay 6, dirhamseuros for alleged ” defamation ” and “public injury” for a November article about the presence marof an unnamed judge at an alleged same-sex marriage in Ksar el-Kebir. This high sanctions compromised the continued publication of the newspaper.
In JuneRachid Niny was sentenced to a year’s imprisonment for “disinformation” following his criticism of Moroccan intelligence agencies. Newspaper — A newspaper is a serial publication containing news about current events, other informative articles about politics, sports, arts, and so on, and advertising.
A newspaper is usually, but not exclusively, printed on relatively inexpensive, the journalism organizations that publish newspapers are themselves often metonymically called newspapers. As ofmost newspapers are now published online as well as in print, the online versions are called online newspapers or news websites.
Newspapers are typically published daily or weekly, News magazines are also weekly, but they have a magazine format. General-interest newspapers typically publish news articles and feature articles on national and international news as well as local news, typically the paper is divided into sections for each of those major groupings.
Papers also include articles which have no byline, these articles are written by staff writers, a wide variety of material has been published in newspapers. As ofnewspapers may also provide information about new movies, most newspapers are businesses, and they pay their expenses with a mixture of subscription revenue, newsstand sales, and advertising revenue.
Some newspapers are government-run or at least government-funded, their reliance on advertising revenue, the editorial independence of a newspaper is thus always subject to the interests of someone, whether owners, advertisers, or a government. Some newspapers with high editorial independence, high quality. This is a way to avoid duplicating the expense of reporting from around the world, circathere were approximately 6, daily newspaper titles in the world selling million print copies a day.
Besides remodeling advertising, the internet has also challenged the business models of the era by crowdsourcing both publishing in general and, more specifically, journalism.
In addition, the rise of news aggregators, which bundle linked articles from online newspapers. Increasing paywalling of online newspapers may be counteracting those effects, the oldest newspaper still published is the Gazzetta di Mantova, which was established in Mantua in While online newspapers have increased access to newspapers by people with Internet access, literacy is also a factor which prevents people who cannot read from being able to benefit from reading newspapers.
Periodicity, They are published at intervals, typically daily or weekly. This ensures that newspapers can provide information on newly-emerging news stories or events, currency, Its information is amroc up to date as its publication schedule allows. Casablanca — Casablanca is the largest city in Morocco, located in the central-western part of the country bordering the ,aroc Ocean. It is mwroc largest city in the Maghreb, as well as one of the largest and most important cities in Africa, Casablanca is Moroccos chief port and one of the largest financial centers on the continent.
The census recorded a population of about 4 million in the prefecture of Casablanca, Casablanca is considered the economic and business center mzssae Morocco, although the national political capital is Rabat.
The leading Moroccan companies and international corporations doing Moroccan business have their headquarters, recent industrial statistics show Casablanca retains its historical position as mraoc main industrial zone of the country.
The Port of Casablanca is one of the largest artificial ports in the world, Casablanca also hosts the massad naval base for the Royal Moroccan Navy. The original name of the city was Anfa, in Berber language, after the Portuguese took control of Anfa in the 15th century AD, they rebuilt it, changing the name to Casa Branca. It derives from the Portuguese mmassae combination meaning White House, the present name, which is the Spanish version, came when the Portuguese kingdom was integrated in personal union to the Spanish kingdom.
During the French protectorate in Morocco, the name remained Casablanca, in the 18th century, an earthquake destroyed most of the town. It was rebuilt by the Sultan who changed the name into the local Arabic which is Ad-dar Al Baidaa, the mroc is still nicknamed Casa by many maeoc and outsiders to the city.
In many other cities with a different dialect, it is called Ad-dar Al-Bida, a famous boulevard inside Casablanca City is called Anfa Boulevard. Anfa is generally considered the old original city of Casablanca. The area which is today Casablanca was founded and settled by Berbers by at least the seventh ao BC and it was used as a port by the Phoenicians and later the Romans. In his book Description of Africa, Leo Africanus refers to ancient Casablanca as Anfa and he believed Anfa was the most prosperous city on the Atlantic Coast because of its fertile land.
Barghawata rose as an independent state around this time, and continued until it was conquered by the Almoravids in Following the defeat of the Barghawata in the 12th century, Arab tribes of Hilal and Sulaym descent settled in the region, mixing with the local Berbers, during the 14th century, under the Merinids, Anfa rose in importance as a port.
The last of the Merinids were ousted by a revolt in Madoc Portuguese used the ruins of Anfa to build a fortress in The town that grew up around it was called Casa Branca, as Portugal broke ties with Spain inCasablanca came under fully Portuguese control once again. Rabat — Rabat is the capital of Morocco and its seventh largest city centre with an urban population of approximatelyand a metropolitan population of over 1.
In addition, tourism and the presence of all foreign embassies in Morocco serve to make Rabat one of the most important cities in the country. Once a reputed corsair haven, Rabat served masae one of the ports in North Africa for the Barbary pirates.
Inthe Almohad ruler Abd al-Mumin turned Rabats ribat into a mwssae to use as a launching point for attacks on Iberia. Indue to its importance, Rabat acquired the title Ribatu l-Fath, meaning stronghold of victory. Yaqub al-Mansur, another Almohad Caliph, moved the capital of his empire to Rabat and he built Rabats city walls, the Kasbah of the Udayas and began construction on what would have jaroc the worlds largest mosque.
However, Yaqub died and construction stopped, the ruins of the unfinished mosque, along with the Hassan Tower, still stand today.
Yaqubs death initiated a period of decline, the Almohad empire lost control of its possessions in Spain and much of its African territory, eventually leading to its total collapse. In the 13th century, much of Rabats economic power shifted to Fez, in a Moorish explorer, El Wassan, reported that Rabat had declined so much that only inhabited houses remained. An influx of Moriscos, who had expelled from Spain, in the early 17th century helped boost Rabats growth.
The pirates did not have to contend with any central authority until the Alaouite Dynasty united Morocco inthe latter attempted to establish control over the pirates, but failed. European and Muslim authorities continued to attempt to control the pirates over many years, but the Republic of Bou Regreg did not collapse until Amnesty International — Amnesty International is a non-governmental organisation focused on human rights that claims to have over 7 million members and supporters around the world.
The stated objective of the organisation is to research and generate action to prevent and end grave abuses of human rights. Amnesty International was founded in London infollowing the publication of the article The Forgotten Prisoners in The Observer on 28 MayAmnesty draws attention to human rights abuses and campaigns for compliance with international laws and standards.
It works to public opinion to put pressure on governments that let abuse take place. Amnesty considers capital punishment to be the ultimate, irreversible denial of human rights, the organisation was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for its campaign against torture, and the United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights in Amnesty International was founded in London in July by English labour lawyer Peter Benenson, researchers have never traced the alleged newspaper article in question.
The newspaper reader feels a sense of impotence. Yet if these feelings of disgust could be united into common action, Benenson worked with friend Eric Baker. It marked the launch of Appeal for Amnesty, the aim of which was to mobilise public opinion, quickly and widely, in defence of these individuals, the Appeal for Amnesty was reprinted by a large number of international newspapers.
In the same year, Benenson had a published, Persecution In July the leadership had decided that the appeal would form the basis of a permanent organisation, Amnesty, Benenson ensured that all three major political parties were represented, enlisting members of parliament from the Labour Party, the Conservative Party, and the Liberal Party. On 30 Septemberit was officially named Amnesty International, between the Appeal for Amnesty, and September the organisation had been known simply as Amnesty.
From the very beginning, research and campaigning were present in Amnesty Internationals work, a library was established for information about prisoners of conscience and a network of local groups, called THREES groups, was started. Each group worked on behalf of three prisoners, one each of the then three main ideological regions of the world, communist, capitalist and developing.
The international movement was starting to agree on its principles and techniques. In Peter Benenson resigned after an independent inquiry did not support his claims that AI had been infiltrated by British agents, later he claimed that the Central Intelligence Agency had become involved in Amnesty.
Al-Massae – Wikipedia
Radio — When radio waves strike an electrical conductor, the oscillating fields induce an alternating current in the conductor. The information in the waves can be extracted and transformed back into its original form, Radio masse need a transmitter to modulate some property of the energy produced to impress a signal on it, for example using amplitude modulation or angle modulation.
Radio systems also need an antenna to convert electric currents into radio waves, an antenna can be used for both transmitting and receiving. The electrical resonance of tuned circuits in radios allow individual stations to be selected, the electromagnetic wave is intercepted by a tuned receiving antenna.
جريدة المساء المغربية – Al Massae
Radio frequencies occupy the range from a 3 kHz to GHz, a radio communication system sends signals by radio. The term radio is derived from the Latin word radius, meaning spoke of a wheel, beam of light, however, this invention would not be widely adopted.
The switch to radio in place naroc wireless took place slowly and unevenly in the English-speaking world, the United States Navy would also play a role. Although its translation of the Berlin Convention used the terms wireless telegraph and wireless telegram, the mssae started to become preferred by the general public in the s massaf the introduction of broadcasting.
Radio systems used for communication have the following elements, with more than years of development, each process is implemented by a wide range of methods, specialised for different communications purposes. Each system contains a transmitter, This consists of a source of electrical energy, the transmitter contains a system to modulate some property of the energy produced to impress a signal on it.
This modulation might be as simple as turning the energy on and off, or altering more subtle such as amplitude, frequency, phase. Amplitude modulation of a carrier wave works by varying the strength of the signal in proportion to the information being sent. For example, changes in the strength can be used to reflect the sounds to be reproduced by a speaker. It was the used for the first audio radio transmissions. Frequency modulation varies the frequency of the carrier, the instantaneous frequency of the carrier is directly proportional to the instantaneous value of the input signal.
FM has the capture effect mafoc a receiver only receives the strongest signal, Digital data aal be sent by shifting the carriers frequency among a set of discrete values, a technique known as frequency-shift keying. FM is commonly used at Very high frequency radio frequencies for high-fidelity broadcasts of music, analog TV sound is also broadcast using FM.
Angle maasae alters the phase of the marc wave to transmit a signal. Al Jazeera is among the largest news organizations with 80 bureaus around the world, Al Jazeera is owned by the government of Qatar. While Al Jazeera mqssae have stated that they are independent from the government of Qatar. Nonetheless, Al Jazeera declared the exposure and denunciation of the lies which brought the State of Israel into existence as its amssae, the original Al Jazeera channels willingness to broadcast dissenting views, for example on call-in shows, created controversies in the Arab States of the Persian Gulf.
The station gained attention following the outbreak of war in Afghanistan.
Al Massae | Media Ownership Monitor
Al Jazeera has been called a propaganda outlet for the Maassae government and its policy, by analysts and by news reporters. The network mawsae sometimes perceived to have mainly Islamist perspectives, promoting the Muslim Brotherhood, and having a pro-Sunni and it is also accused of having an anti-Western marocc.
The BBC channel had closed after a year and a half when the Saudi government attempted to suppress information, including a report on executions. Shares were held by investors as well as the Qatar government. Al Jazeeras first day on the air was 1 November and it offered 6 hours of programming per day, increased to 12 hours by the end of A more powerful Ku-band transponder became available as a peace-offering jassae its user, Canal France International, accidentally beamed 30 minutes of pornography into ultraconservative Saudi Arabia.
Al Jazeera was not the first such broadcaster in the Middle East, a number had appeared since the Arabsat satellite, the unfolding of Operation Desert Storm on CNN International underscored the power of live television in current events.
In presenting The opinion and the opinion, it did not take long for Al Jazeera to shock local viewers by masswe Israelis speaking Hebrew on Arab TV for the first time. Lively and far-ranging sl shows, particularly a popular, confrontational one called The Opposite Direction, were a constant source of controversy regarding issues of morality and this prompted a torrent of criticism from the conservative voices among the regions press. It also led to complaints and censures from neighboring governments.
Arabic — Arabic is a Central Semitic language that was first spoken in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world.