Found this in a April GM Tech Link bullitin: Rear Axle Lubricant Compatibility Synthetic axle lube and non-synthetic axle lube are both used in the rear. On Livestock Marketing In The Arid Districts Of Kenya. African Technology Link (Techlink) Consultancy Report To The Arid Lands Resource Management Pr. In order to avoid conflicts with SI (GM’s North American Service I think Techlink did a spread on how to identify a phony but I forget how.

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Over the last six years there has techlinnk a tremendous development of infrastructure projects in virtually all corners of Kenya. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the principles of compulsory land acquisition and way leaves in the three sectors in Kenya by looking at the techhlink legislative framework governing the entire process of acquisition.

In considering the process, the paper explores the various provisions of the relevant act which governs the particular utility envisaged for improvement project component in the Kenya Vision A critical evaluation of the procedures adopted is outlined in each case and the general public apprehensions towards such acquisitions.

The second part of the paper focuses on suggestions techlibk the choice of valuation methodology in making claims for compensation for land for various infrastructure projects in Kenya. This is borne out of the fact that there appear to be very little standardization in the methods adopted by the various bodies. The paper cites several cases under the Electricity Transmission Improvement Project where a large proportion of way leaves are dealt with at local level, with little consistency.

Coupled to this is the public concern that electricity lines have potentially serious health effects that continue to attract research and media interest. The paper concludes with a description of the various cases on how to improve compensation paid to those affected by compulsory acquisition in cases of land and way leaves.

The accumulation of essential oils in their flower and foliage has contributed to their prominence and popularity in traditional and conventional medicine, in cosmetology and perfumery, in the food industry as 2000vm and spices, and more recently in the manufacturing industry as ingredients for pesticides, plastics, paints, etc.

Hechlink taxonomic aspect of the group has lagged well behind the economic one. The latest world- wide account of the two genera was by Briquetmore than years ago. In both these taxa, the taxonomic delimitation has been inadequate, the major problem being the continuous nature of the variation of characters particularly the morphological ones, which results in difficulties in circumscription of species. To further complicate the situation, Ocimum species gechlink to hybridize readily and undergo techliink.

Morphological characters have proved to be inadequate in delimitation of the genera. It is therefore imminent that other criteria be investigated to substitute or corroborate 22000gm morphological ones in the delimitation of these two genera.

The major aim of this project was therefore to find novel morphological characters or teculink combinations of already known characters techliink the value of new criteria from phytochemical data and anatomy to augment the morphological data in the delimitation of Ocimum and Plectranthus.

Field and herbarium collections were used teclhink this study. In the revision of Ocimum, new morphological characters have been identified that can differentiate between sections and even between species, for instance, in the dendrite-haired species of subsection Gratissima, O. Morphological features separating O. In Plectranthus, three new species namely, P. Kokwaro as well as the varieties P. Kokwaro have been described. One name change, P. The chemical analysis conducted on four Ocimum and eleven Plectranthus species revealed the presence of numerous essential oil constituents.

Some compounds were species-specific, some genera-specific while others were common to both genera thus can be of taxonomic value.

These three species have traditionally been grouped together in the section Ocimum. The Plectranthus species came out as one homogenous group with two subgroups. The anatomical analysis of Plectranthus ttechlink the indumentum to have a large number of sessile glands peltate, gland dotssome capitate glands and numerous multi-cellular eglandular hairs.

The viscid species P. The presence, structure and nature of the stomata and glands were of taxonomic importance. Seven species had amphistomatic stomata and another seven species had stomata on the stems. The stratification of the leaf and stem surfaces was also found to be taxonomically significant.


Cluster analysis showed that members of subgenus Calceolanthus clustered together into one group. They rechlink also distinct from subgenus Plectranthus.

A key based on these anatomical characters was drawn up to identify species in Plectranthus. Ethnomedicinal data revealed that Ocimum and Plectranthus species are popularly used to cure or alleviate gastro-intestinal, febrile, respiratory and skin conditions.

Four species namely, O. This teclink also revealed that 2000gm medicinal species in the two genera are greatly affected by the current degradation of the environment. Thus propagation of the potentially medicinal ones was recommended. It is recommended that future taxonomic revisions of the two genera should include chemotaxonomic and anatomical data as they have proved to be promising criteria. Members of the two genera that have substantial amounts of essential oils can be commercially utilized in techlinl.

The promising medicinal Ocimum and Plectranthus species can be incorporated into the primary health care systems.


It is hoped that the new criteria used in this study will be relevant for the on-going revision of the family Labiatae for the Flora of Tropical East Africa.

The acquisition of knowledge has been through trial and error, and observation. Today, the enhanced search for botanical drugs throughout the world has increased the need for accurate means of identifying plants with possible pharmacological and biological activity. A number of methodologies have been used in selecting plants likely to possess pharmacological properties, but many have recorded low success rates. Data reported in this paper reveal that the accuracy of identification of these herbal drugs for pertinent ailments using ethnobotanical data is almost as accurate as techniques applied in modern medical practice.

This paper discusses the value of ethno – botanical data in the preliminary search for potential drug plants. The protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii differentially expresses two distinct enolase isoenzymes known as ENO1 and ENO2, respectively. To understand differential gene expression during tachyzoite to bradyzoite conversion, we have characterized the two T.

The differential activation of the ENO1 and ENO2 promoters during tachyzoite to bradyzoite differentiation was investigated by deletion analysis of 5′-flanking regions fused to the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporter followed by transient transfection.

Our data indicate that in proliferating tachyzoites, the repression of ENO1 involves a negative distal regulatory region nucleotides to in the promoter whereas a proximal regulatory region in the ENO2 promoter directs expression at a low level. In contrast, the promoter activity of ENO1 is highly induced following the conversion of tachyzoites into resting bradyzoites. The ENO2 promoter analysis in bradyzoites showed that there are two upstream repression sites nucleotides to and to Furthermore, electrophoresis mobility shift assays demonstrated the presence of DNA-binding proteins in tachyzoite and bradyzoite nuclear lysates that bound to stress response elements STREheat shock-like elements HSE and other cis-regulatory elements in the upstream regulatory regions of ENO1 and ENO2.

Mutation of the consensus AGGGG sequence, completely abolished protein binding to an oligonucleotide containing this element. This study defines the first characterization of cis-regulatory elements and putative transcription factors involved in gene regulation of the important pathogen T. Creating public awareness and disseminating information on the subject seeks to demystify some of the widely held falsehoods regarding genetically modified products.

This is an informative, thorough and easy to understand guidebook that aims to enlighten and debunk some of the commonly held misconceptions on products of gene modification and to give the reader a better understanding of the role genetic modification will play.

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The review sheds light on the safety, and application of these products in medicine, the food industry and other areas, especially those where genetic modification may represent a cheap, faster, credible, viable alternative in achieving sustainable development among resource-poor communities.

Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya. Doctors working at Kenyatta National Hospital. One hundred and thirty 94 males and 36 females doctors subm. Seventy eight per cent of the respondents were below 35 years and 57 had less than five years experience.

The commonest psychiatric disorders seen by doctors were anxiety, depression, psychosomatic disorders and organic psychoses similar to findings in previous prevalence studies. Drugs therapy with anxiolytics antidepressants and antipsychotics were commonly utilised. Brief counselling was the verbal form of treatment most commonly used. Referral to mental health workers was less often done. Obstacles cited by the doctors were the patients’ resistance to referral, lack of coordination and insufficient knowledge to treat the disorders.


The doctors recognise that psychiatric disorders are common among their patients but they have major obstacles in managing them. These findings are discussed and remedial measures suggested. Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1: Consequently, various studies regarding the impact of biotic factors on the macrophytes have been advanced but related studies on environmental parameters have lagged behind.

In an attempt to address this gap, sampling on floating species and submergents was carried teclhink in eight sampling sites in to investigate how they were influenced by a set of environmental factors.

Combination of soil texture and lake-bed slope explained the most Continuous translocation of the floating dominant water hyacinth to the western parts by wind has led to displacement of the submergents from those areas.

In view of these findings, the maintenance and preservation of the steep Crescent Lake basin whose substratum is dominated by sand thus hosting most submergents remain important, if the whole functional purpose of the macrophytes is to twchlink sustained. Lack of disaster preparedness has remained one of Kenya’s enduring development challenges for decades. The El Nino rains which flooded most parts of the country between andand the prolonged drought during the year have both led to massive displacement of populations, loss of lives, destruction of property, water and energy crises, and the collapse of vital infrastructure.

Most of the disaster response initiatives in Kenya have tended to be adhoc, uncoordinated and short-term measures, mainly in the form of emergency relief services to the worst affected areas. However, disaster teechlink environmental management ought to integrate disaster preparedness measures and recovery operations into ongoing development programs for sustainability.

Parts one and two of this paper deal with conceptual issues and focus on gender mainstreaming into investment activities for increased women’s employment and poverty reduction.

The central argument here is that the mainstreaming of a gender perspective into investment activities is necessarily a long-term process which involves the integration of gender issues in all national and sectoral policies and programmes.

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The key to gender mainstreaming is to make the process a collective responsibility. Some of the essential steps in this process are the production of gender disaggregated data, the establishment and strengthening of gender management systems, the commitment of senior management personnel to the goal of gender equality as a reflection of attitudinal and behaviour change at personal and institutional levels.

The discussion in part three brings to the fore the issue of women’s education and training. Available data show gender and regional disparities in education and training at primary, secondary and tertiary levels. These data indicate women’s limited access to formal education and lower adult literacy rates which undermine their capacity to participate in the formal and informal labour market on an equal basis with men.

Part four shows the link between women’s education, employment and poverty reduction. The analysis of gender participation in different sectors of the economy revealed some important patterns and trends. The majority of women are employed in the education and informal sectors. Those who work in the agricultural sector are usually engaged as casuals. Women’s overall lower level of education, limited skills, and access to productive, resources, heavy domestic workload, cultural attitudes and segregation of the labour market are some of the factors associated with their limited participation in the modern sector.

Gender representation in the Kenyan civil service also shows gross under-representation of women in top management and policy-making positions. The low budgetary allocations to women’s programmes also reflect lack of political will, improper targeting and non-involvement of women in priority setting. Isolated mouse interstitial cells were incubated with different concentrations of khat Catha edulis extract 0.

We postulate that khat extract at high concentrations may cause reproductive function impairment in the user but at low concentrations. In dtro; Khat; Testosterone; Interstitial cells; Mouse.